Pajamas or pyjamas, normally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with various related varieties of outfits originating from the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by each sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from regular pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 from the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The first pyjāmā are loose, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and 19th generations, and the British impact on the wider Western globe through the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they shortly fell away from trend. The phrase pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by various folks in India e.g. by Girls of various classes, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted through the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of night time apparel, and it is synonymous with Long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is possible that we English took the behavior similar to a fantastic a lot of Other people within the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word has become used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on 40 a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the case with All those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it is actually as a result of White Ants."
Traditional pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, for example flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component ordinarily includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Many people prefer to sleep or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys are often marketed as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently termed PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often known as a entice door or butt flap): a buttoned opening while in the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas made prior to the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-very first century These are rather unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from conventional pajamas. There are several variants in fashion including small sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly during the US, stretch-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn muske pidzame by small children, these clothes often have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
Despite the fact that pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times provided the latter being a top rated. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter gown best in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.